Dental Implants Parts
One part of the dental implant (the implant itself) is implanted into the bone tissue. The other part (The abutment) remains on the surface, but remains invisible. The outer part is the crown, which gives the structure appearance of a natural tooth. Let’s take a closer look at each one of the dental implants parts.
- There is no need to touch the adjacent teeth. Even if the patient’s own bone tissue is not enough to accommodate this element, the doctor can increase its volume by bone grafting.
- For implantation, it is required to make an incision in the gums – This is how the bone is exposed. Then, a hole is created, in size that fully corresponds to the implant parameters. The pin is screwed into the hole and then sealed and covered from above. It is necessary that the tissues that will grow around the implant do not get inside it.
- Finally, the incision is sutured, and within a few months (usually from 3 to 6), osseointegration occurs.
An abutment is a transitional element that connects the implant in the bone tissue with the more visible crown. It is installed after the doctor is convinced that the osseointegration process is done. To install it, the dental cap is removed from the titanium screw, and the abutment is screwed into the implant hole. Sometimes an analog screw connection is used.
Today there are several abutments types:
In this category, elements differ in length and inclination angles.
In contrast to the previous one, it is made according to certain parameters for a specific patient, which ensures full anatomical compatibility.
Angular Abutments Inclined by 30 degrees with respect to the longitudinal axis.
These elements are made of ceramics, metal, plastic or a combination of these materials. The choice depends on the planned design of the prosthesis and individual parameters.
A crown is the outer part of an implanted tooth. It is made according to the shape of the patient’s teeth and the color of his enamel. Its installation is the final implantation stage . Crowns are classified primarily by material:
In modern dentistry, they are rarely used due to low aesthetic characteristics. However, the so-called “gold teeth” have maximum strength compared to their counterparts.
This is the best option for anterior teeth. Aesthetically they are always preferred, and can be completely indistinguishable from its neighboring teeth. But for chewing teeth, such material is not suitable, because it does not have sufficient strength.
They successfully combine Metal strength characteristics and aesthetic characteristics of ceramic. If zirconium dioxide is used as a metal base, you can not worry about its translucence.